Introduction A dictionary specializing in the presentation of the idiosyncratic word combinations or collocations of current English is a welcome innovation and potentially a very useful tool for language production. Consequently, collocations are mostly relegated to the example material, and therefore only shown on a very selective basis. Especially foreign learners are likely to benefit from a comprehensive dictionary of collocations, which will help them avoid translating word combinations from their own language directly, thereby violating the usage restrictions of the target language. In the following I will look at the word combinations included in the BBI and the typology on which it is based, but since the BBI is not the first dictionary of English word combinations, I will begin by saying a few words about its predecessors 2. Dr Albrecht Reum from Leipzig in co-operation with A.
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This book is a reference work that records English collocations in alphabetical order. Since its focus is exclusively on collocations, it omits the usual kinds of information one expects to find in conventional dictionaries. There are no etymologies. Pronunciation is given rarely and only to differentiate homographs. The system of transcription is the same as the one used in The Lexicographic Description of English by the same authors.
It is noted in the introduction that in some English homographs the stress of adjectives and nouns on one hand and that of verbs on the other may be differentiated in such words as absent, abstract, address,. A long list is given, and the stress patterns are described, but this information is not given at the entry for these words.
There are no regular definitions of the entry word, but definitions, paraphrases, and usage notes are given occasionally and only when considered necessary to ensure the appropriate use of the entry word and its collocations or to differentiate between American usage and British usage. Such violations of English collocations are far less likely to be committed by the native speaker of English than by the native speaker of a language other than English.
Consequently, this book is of much more practical value to the learner of English as a foreign language than to the native speaker of English. As a matter of fact, the particular form of the violation of an English collocation is usually suggested by a different collocation in another language.
The authors define collocations as "fixed, identifiable, non-idiomatic phrases and constructions. A grammatical collocation is identified as "a phrase consisting of a dominant word noun, adjective, verb and a preposition or grammatical construction such as an infinitive or clause.
Lexical collocations are classified into seven different types and designated Ll, L2, L3,. G7 adjectives many of which are also in G6 can be followed by a that clause: she was afraid that she would fail the examinations; it was nice that he was able to come home for the holidays. L4 collocations consist of a noun and verb; the verb names an action characteristic of the person or being designated by the noun: adjectives modify, alarms go off ring, sound , bees buzz sting, swarm , blizzards rage, blood circulates clots, congeals, flows, runs , bombs explode go off , etc.
L6 collocations consist of an adverb and an adjective. Examples are: deeply absorbed, strictly accurate, closely intimately acquainted, hopelessly addicted, sound asleep, keenly very much aware, etc. The following are some important collocation types not included in Access options available:.
Bbi Combinatory Dictionary of English: A Guide to Word Combinations
With Keys : Учебное пособие [ г. Современный русско-английский суперразговорник [ г. Еда и напитки [ г. Мой учитель — книга - Хоменкер Л.
The Bbi Dictionary of English Word Combinations: Revised Edition
The methods and terminology used to present these collocations in the Dictionary are explained in the Introduction. Much of the material provided in this Dictionary has never before been published. This material is of vital importance to those learners of English who are native speakers of other languages. Heretofore, they have had no source that would consistently indicate, for example, which verbs are used with which nouns they could not find in any existing dictionary such collocations as call an alert, lay down a barrage, hatch a conspiracy, impose an embargo, roll a hoop, draw up a list, administer an oath, enter make a plea, crack a smile, punch a time clock, inflict a wound, etc.
The Bbi Combinatory Dictionary of English
The Bbi Combinatory Dictionary Of English: A Guide To Word Combinations