The first two editions created an uproar and in less than a year it was banned. A new Spanish edition was allowed in This novel also contains themes of extreme realism and existentialism. The characters live in the margins of society and their lives are submersed in anguish and pain. The archetype of this theme is found in the protagonist of the novel, Pascual Duarte. He has learned that violence is the only way to solve his problems.
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He is perhaps best known for his novel La familia de Pascual Duarte ; The Family of Pascual Duarte and is considered to have given new life to Spanish literature. His literary production—primarily novels, short narratives, and travel diaries—is characterized by experimentation and innovation in form and content. Cela is also credited by some critics with having established the narrative style known as tremendismo , a tendency to emphasize violence and grotesque imagery. His first novel, Pascual Duarte, established his European reputation.
Traditional in form, it was both a popular and a critical success. His second novel, La colmena ; The Hive , with its fragmented chronology and large cast of characters, is an innovative and perceptive story of postwar Madrid. Another of his better-known avant-garde novels, San Camilo, , is one continuous stream of consciousness.
Cela also wrote essays, poetry, and memoirs and in his later years made frequent television appearances. In Cela settled in Majorca, where he founded a well-respected literary review, Papeles de Son Armadans —79 , and published books in fine editions. He became a member of the Spanish Academy in Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen , Corrections Manager.
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The Family of Pascual Duarte
The family was upper-middle-class and Cela described his childhood as being "so happy it was hard to grow up. There, Cela studied at a Piarist school. The Spanish Civil War broke out in when Cela was 20 years old and just recovering from his illness. His political leanings were conservative and he escaped to the rebel zone. Career[ edit ] The civil war ended in and Cela demonstrated his indecisiveness towards his university studies and ended up working in a bureau of textile industries. It was here where he began to write what would become his first novel, La familia de Pascual Duarte The Family of Pascual Duarte , which was finally published when he was 26, in Pascual Duarte has trouble finding validity in conventional morality and commits a number of crimes, including murders, for which he feels nothing.
Camilo José Cela
The first two editions created an uproar and in less than a year it was banned. A new Spanish edition was allowed in This novel is fundamental to the generation of tremendismo named from tremendo, "awful, tremendous" , which focuses on the treatment of its characters and is marked by extended and frequent violent scenes. The novel is in fact considered the first novel of this style of writing, but also contains themes of extreme realism and existentialism : the characters live in the margins of society and their lives are submersed in anguish and pain; the archetype of this theme is found in the protagonist of the novel, Pascual Duarte, who has learned that violence is the only way to solve his problems.