CSA A23.3-94 PDF

Notes: 1 For structures such as blast-resistant structures, tanks, reservoirs, swimming pools, bins, silos, towers, and chimneys, users of this Standard should also refer to applicable codes, standards, or guidelines for additional requirements 2 Special requirements for parking structures are specified in CSA S Fire resistance This Standard requires designs to be carried out in accordance with the fire resistance requirements of the applicable building code see Clause 8. Alternative design procedures Designs that use procedures that are not covered by this Standard but are carried out by a person qualified in the methods applied and provide a level of safety and performance equivalent to designs complying with this Standard are acceptable if carried out by one of the following methods: a analysis based on generally established theory; b evaluation of a full-scale structure or a prototype by a loading test; or c studies of model analogues. Shells and folded plates Design requirements for shells and folded plates can be found in Annex E.

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Notes: 1 For structures such as blast-resistant structures, tanks, reservoirs, swimming pools, bins, silos, towers, and chimneys, users of this Standard should also refer to applicable codes, standards, or guidelines for additional requirements 2 Special requirements for parking structures are specified in CSA S Fire resistance This Standard requires designs to be carried out in accordance with the fire resistance requirements of the applicable building code see Clause 8. Alternative design procedures Designs that use procedures that are not covered by this Standard but are carried out by a person qualified in the methods applied and provide a level of safety and performance equivalent to designs complying with this Standard are acceptable if carried out by one of the following methods: a analysis based on generally established theory; b evaluation of a full-scale structure or a prototype by a loading test; or c studies of model analogues.

Shells and folded plates Design requirements for shells and folded plates can be found in Annex E. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Annexes are designated normative mandatory or informative non-mandatory to define their application.

Whenever the square root of the concrete strength is determined, the concrete strength and the square root of the concrete strength are both expressed in megapascals. Other dimensionally consistent combinations of units may be used, provided that appropriate adjustments are made to constants in non-homogeneous equations.

Note: Some examples of non-homogeneous equations are found in Clauses

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Scope 1. Notes: 1 For structures such as blast-resistant structures, tanks, reservoirs, swimming pools, bins, silos, towers, and chimneys, users of this Standard should also refer to applicable codes, standards, or guidelines for additional requirements. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Annexes are designated normative mandatory or informative non-mandatory to define their application. Whenever the square root of the concrete strength is determined, the concrete strength and the square root of the concrete strength are both expressed in megapascals.

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CSA A23.3-94 (R2000)

The wall pier has user-defined fixed length and width edge members on each end. The size of each reinforcing bar specified in Section Designer relative to the size of the other bars. Then we describe how the program designs piers that are specified by a Section Designer Section. Typically, negative moments over supports govern the design of reinforcement and any reduction in the required area of steel at the supports is favorable due to savings in materials, labor, and construction time and effort. The analysis and design of reinforced concrete shear wall footing strip footing is shown in this example. Figure 4 illustrates varying planes of linear strain such as those that the pro- gram considers on a wall pier section for a neutral axis orientation angle of 0 degrees. A structural reinforced concrete tilt-up wall panel provides gravity and lateral load resistance in a multi-story building is investigated using the procedure in ACI and compared with the results of spWall engineering software program from StructurePoint.

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