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History of medicine, says Deleuze, can be regarded as a history of the illness leprosy, plague that dies and changes over time, and a history of the symptomatology. However, it is difficult to attribute a disease to Sade and Masoch, but a symptomatology and signs that they describe. It is no longer a matter of pain and sexual pleasure only but of bondage and humiliation as well. Therefore, the project is one that moves beyond the purely clinical realm.
However, the differences in Sade and Masoch are not of complementarity but of constituting completely different worlds. Sade uses a language of descriptions that aim at demonstration, whereas Masoch uses the description for a higher function, one of persuasion and education. The Three Women[ edit ] The three women in Masoch are the 1 primitive, uterine or hetaeric mother, 2 the punishing, Oedipal mother and 3 the nurturing oral mother. Masochism is the constant revolution around this constellation of mother images.
It is the quest for the oral mother through the hetaeric and Oedipal mothers. This is achieved by inducing the hetaeric mother to betray and provoking the Oedipal mother to punish.
Once in betrayal and under torture, the masochist seeks the oral mother. Father and Mother[ edit ] Deleuze also distinguishes between attitudes towards the paternal and maternal images in the two systems. The Art of Masoch[ edit ] In the Art of Masoch, Deleuze explains his notions of Irony and Humour, Contract and Ritual, and the differences between the sadistic superego and masochistic ego.
According to Bogue, "Deleuze tries to revive the reputation of Sacher-Masoch, a celebrated and prolific novelist of the s and s now remembered only as the eponymous exemplar of masochism, by demonstrating that Sacher-Masoch is an astute psychologist and a profound thinker whose works Deleuze and Guattari.
Routledge, , p. Vamps and Tramps: New Essays. Penguin Books, , p. Angelaki 14 3 , November , New York: Zone Books.
MASOCHISM: An Interpretation of Coldness & Cruelty
Masochism: Coldness and Cruelty & Venus in Furs