He was assassinated in President Venustiano Carranza , whose term ended in , attempted to install a puppet president, Ignacio Bonillas to succeed himself. The three Sonoran generals revolted and issued the Plan of Agua Prieta to justify their action. Calles won the presidency and served from to Public reaction to the assassination was "surprise, confusion, [and] sometimes hysteria". Morones of the powerful Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers CROM , who might have been responsible for the assassination to gain power himself; and toward the assassin, Toral.
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Beginning with the election, the presidential term was increased from four to six years sexenio. Thereafter, the sexenio formed the basis for regular and orderly political succession.
Seeking to ensure political stability, Calles opted not to violate the "no-reelection" principle and instead chose one of his supporters, Emilio Portes Gil, as interim president December to February until new elections could be held. During the next six years a period known as the Maximato , Calles exercised behind-the-scenes control over Mexican politics through the actions of three presidents who were essentially his puppets.
Henceforth, the "official" party of the revolutionary regime served as the dominant political organization in the country and the primary dispenser of official patronage. Relying on ballot stuffing and other forms of electoral fraud, Ortiz Rubio defeated Vasconcelos with Deciding that the country could not forego agricultural productivity for the sake of equity, Calles ordered a near halt to further land redistribution.
Organized labor, which was seen as overly sympathetic to bolshevism and not loyal enough to the PNR, was disavowed and suppressed.
As the election for the presidential sexenio approached, Calles came under increasing pressure from the left wing of the PNR to pursue with more vigor the social welfare provisions of the constitution of Custom Search.
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Historia de México: El Maximato
El Maximato En México