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History[ edit ] The naming of the Sargasso Sea for its Sargassum seaweed dates from the early 15th-century Portuguese explorations of the Azores Islands and of the large " volta do mar " the North Atlantic gyre , around and west of the archipelago, where the seaweed was often present. The sargassum is not a threat to shipping, and historic incidents of sailing ships being trapped there are due to the often calm winds of the horse latitudes.
The larvae of these species hatch within the sea and as they grow they travel to Europe or the East Coast of North America. Later in life, the matured eel migrates back to the Sargasso Sea to spawn and lay eggs.
It is also believed that after hatching, young loggerhead sea turtles use currents such as the Gulf Stream to travel to the Sargasso Sea, where they use the sargassum as cover from predators until they are mature. Contrary to previous theories, results indicated the area has a wide variety of prokaryotic life. Bacteria that consume plastic have been found in the plastic-polluted waters of the Sargasso Sea; however, it is unknown whether these bacteria ultimately clean up poisons or simply spread them elsewhere in the marine microbial ecosystem.
Plastic debris can absorb toxic chemicals from ocean pollution, potentially poisoning anything that eats it. The Doc Savage novel The Sargasso Ogre, published in , takes place in the Sargasso where descendants of Elizabethan pirates still live. A similar story appears in Green Lantern vol. Here the descendants of many different kinds of ships live in utopian harmony, until they are attacked by Nazis who wish to use it to their advantage.
The premiere episode of Jonny Quest , "Mystery of the Lizard Men", involves a spy ring operating in the Sargasso, underneath the nonexistent derelict ships. These depictions are parodied in The Venture Bros.
Additional samples were col- J. Halpern,2 Doug Rusch,2 Jonathan A. Nelson,3 William Nelson,3 are indicated on Fig. Fouts,3 Samuel Levy,2 Anthony H. Knap,6 S1; sampling protocols were fine-tuned from Michael W.
ENVIRONMENTAL GENOME SHOTGUN SEQUENCING OF THE SARGASSO SEA PDF
Environmental genome shotgun sequencing of the Sargasso Sea.