This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Sir, Socioeconomic status SES is one of the most important social determinants of health and disease, thus, widely studied constructs in the social sciences. Usually composite scales are used to measure SES, which has a combination of social and economic variables. Several ways of measuring SES have been suggested for categorizing different rural and urban populations in last decades. Kuppuswamy scale is a composite score of education and occupation of the head of the family along with monthly income of the family, which yields a score of
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Kuppus- wamy scale was developed for assessing the SES of an urban individual. It took three parameters into account, namely, education, occupation, and income of the individual It was modified to enable SES assessment of a family rather than an individual.
The parameters were modified as education and occupation of the HOF and the income of. These parameters are defined later in this section. The total score is calculated by adding up all the three scores, namely, education, occupation, and total family income.
According to the total score thus calculated, the family is placed in the appropriate socioeconomic class as explained in the following Table. Table: Income of the whole family: Since the time Kuppuswamy scale has been modified to determine the SES of the family rather than an individual, confusion has prevailed whether the income categories are meant to represent the total family income or per capita income.
The general consensus is that the original modification might have been for the whole family income, even against the argument that this does not consider the family size and may misclassify large families. We suggest that the student may calculate the socio economic class of the family by applying both i. The resulting categories can be compared and any difference may be commented upon while presenting the family to the examiner. Per Capita Family Income The income from all the sources should be added up.
This is divided by the total number of members of the family, regardless of the age of the individual. For example, even a baby born on the same day is to be counted. The student should check for the latest cut offs. The last revision before this article has been done using price index of January Table below. Most of them have received high education but it is not always the case.
To this category belong doctors, senior administrative officers, senior lecturers, college principals, advocates, planters owning large estates, expert musicians, newspaper editors, auditors, architects, managing directors of firms, bank managers, etc. They may also involve lower grade professional training, but the jobs are essentially of a routine nature.
Included in this group are mechanical and electrical engineers, high school teachers, lecturers, junior administrators, junior doctors, insurance inspectors, commission agents, musicians, research assistants, etc. The third category persons need some training in arithmetic and reading and writing.
The work here is also essentially of a repetitive nature. Some typical examples are clerk, typist, and accountant. A shopkeeper as well as a farm owner cannot continue unless they know how to keep accounts and look after the routine management.
Many railway occupations such as station master and guard fall under this. Others such as news correspondent, salesman, insurance agents will continue in this category as long as they operate at the routine level. If they show greater initiative, they move into higher categories. The petty shopkeeper may also be put into this category because he cannot pursue his occupation without some training regarding where to purchase, how to purchase, and how to sell.
Unemployed: The lowest category consists of persons who are unemployed irrespective of their general and professional education or training. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, New Delhi. A new instrument scale for measuring the socioeconomic status of a family: preliminary study.
Indian J Community Med ;30 4 : —4. Ind J Ped ; —4. Manual of Socioeconomic Status Urban. Delhi: Manasayan; A modification regarding the Kuppuswamy socioeconomic scale. Ind J Pediatr [Epub ahead of print].
MODIFIED KUPPUSWAMY SCALE
Shimpi The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. Kuppuswamy socioeconomic scale Urban, 1 Click here to view. Banerjee Indian Heart Journal. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter.
KUPPUSWAMY CLASSIFICATION PDF
Kuppus- wamy scale was developed for assessing the SES of an urban individual. It took three parameters into account, namely, education, occupation, and income of the individual It was modified to enable SES assessment of a family rather than an individual. The parameters were modified as education and occupation of the HOF and the income of. These parameters are defined later in this section. The total score is calculated by adding up all the three scores, namely, education, occupation, and total family income.
Socioeconomic status scales-modified Kuppuswamy and Udai Pareekh's scale updated for 2019