The family had previously been Huguenots , but had converted to Roman Catholicism in the wake of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and the increased persecution of Protestants that followed. As the only son, he was spoiled by his parents and sisters. He took an interest in music and played several instruments. He may have used his own experiences during these years as the inspiration for the character of Cherubin when he wrote the Marriage of Figaro.
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The family had previously been Huguenots , but had converted to Roman Catholicism in the wake of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and the increased persecution of Protestants that followed. As the only son, he was spoiled by his parents and sisters.
He took an interest in music and played several instruments. He may have used his own experiences during these years as the inspiration for the character of Cherubin when he wrote the Marriage of Figaro. In response to this, Beaumarchais spent nearly a year researching improvements.
He encouraged him as he worked on the new invention, earned his trust, and promptly stole the idea for himself, writing a letter to the French Academy of Sciences describing the "Lepaute system".
Lepaute had just invented the most wonderful mechanism for a more portable clock. Soon afterwards, he was asked by King Louis XV to create a watch mounted on a ring for his mistress Madame de Pompadour.
Louis was so impressed by the result that he named Beaumarchais "Purveyor to the King", and the Caron family business became prosperous. She helped Beaumarchais secure a royal office, and he gave up watchmaking. Shortly after his marriage, he adopted the name "Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais", which he derived from "le Bois Marchais", the name of a piece of land belonging to his new wife.
He believed the name sounded grander and more aristocratic and adopted at the same time an elaborate coat of arms. His role soon grew and he became a musical advisor for the royal family. Assisted by Duverney, Beaumarchais acquired the title of Secretary-Councillor to the King in —61, thereby gaining access to French nobility. This was followed by the purchase in of a second title, the office of Lieutenant General of Hunting, a position which oversaw the royal parks.
Around this time, he became engaged to Pauline Le Breton, who came from a plantation -owning family from Saint-Domingue , but broke it off when he discovered she was not as wealthy as he had been led to believe. They sought exclusive contracts for the newly acquired Spanish colony of Louisiana and attempted to gain the right to import slaves to the Spanish colonies in the Americas.
Although he befriended important figures such as the foreign minister Grimaldi , his attempts to secure the contracts for Duverney eventually came to nothing and he went home in March Beaumarchais considered turning the affair into a play, but decided to leave it to others—including Goethe , who wrote Clavigo in He had already experimented in writing short farces for private audiences, but he now had ambitions to write for the theatre.
This was followed in by another drama, Les Deux amis. Figaro and Count Almaviva, the two characters Beaumarchais most likely conceived in his travels in Spain, were with Rosine, later the Countess Almaviva the only ones present in all three plays.
They are indicative of the change in social attitudes before, during, and after the French Revolution. Prototypes of Almaviva and Rosine first appeared under the names Lindor and Pauline in the short and incomplete play Le Sacristain, in which Lindor disguises himself as a monk and music teacher in order to meet Pauline under the watchful eyes of her elderly husband.
Beaumarchais wrote it around and dubbed it "an interlude, imitating the Spanish style. To a lesser degree, the Figaro plays are semi-autobiographical. An English translation premiered in London a year later, and that was followed by performances in other European countries.
Queen Marie-Antoinette lamented the ban, as did various influential members of her entourage. Over the next three years, Beaumarchais gave many private readings of the play, as well as making revisions to try to pass the censor.
The King finally relented and lifted the ban in The play premiered that year and was enormously popular even with aristocratic audiences. All three Figaro plays enjoyed great success, and are still frequently performed today in theatres and opera houses. Court battles[ edit ] The death of Duverney on 17 July triggered a decade of turmoil for Beaumarchais. A few months earlier, the two had signed a statement cancelling all debts that Beaumarchais owed Duverney about 75, pounds , and granting Beaumarchais the modest sum of 15, pounds.
Although the verdict favoured Beaumarchais, it was overturned on appeal the following year by a judge, a magistrate named Goezman, whom Beaumarchais tried in vain to bribe. The action made Beaumarchais an instant celebrity, for the public at the time saw Beaumarchais as a champion for social justice and liberty. The verdict was equivocal. On 26 February , both Beaumarchais and Mme.
Naturally, Beaumarchais followed few of the restrictions placed upon him. Magistrate Goezman was removed from his post. The Goezman case was so sensational that the judges left the courtroom through a back door to avoid the large, angry mob waiting in front of the court house. To restore his civil rights, Beaumarchais pledged his services to Louis XV. He traveled to London, Amsterdam and Vienna on various secret missions.
Beaumarchais became a major source of information about the rebellion for the French government and sent a regular stream of reports with exaggerated rumours of the size of the success of the rebel forces blockading Boston. Louis XVI , who did not want to break openly with Britain ,  allowed Beaumarchais to found a commercial enterprise, Roderigue Hortalez and Company ,  supported by the French and Spanish crowns, that supplied the American rebels with weapons, munitions, clothes and provisions, all of which would never be paid for.
Beaumarchais was injured in a carriage accident while racing into Paris with news of Saratoga. France officially entered the American War of Independence soon after, followed by Spain in and the Dutch Republic in To evade French censorship, he set up printing presses in Kehl , Germany. He bought the complete foundry of the famous English type designer John Baskerville from his widow and also purchased three paper mills.
Seventy volumes were published between and More court battles and the French Revolution[ edit ] Statue of Beaumarchais by Louis Clausade , in the 4th arrondissement of Paris It was not long before Beaumarchais crossed paths again with the French legal system.
In , he became acquainted with Mme. Korman, who was implicated and imprisoned in an adultery suit, which was filed by her husband to expropriate her dowry. The matter went to court, with Beaumarchais siding with Mme. Korman, and M. Korman assisted by a celebrity lawyer, Nicolas Bergasse.
On 2 April , M. Meanwhile, the French Revolution broke out. Beaumarchais was no longer quite the idol he had been a few years before, as he thought the excesses of the revolution were endangering liberty.
He was financially successful, mainly from supplying drinking water to Paris, and had acquired ranks[ clarification needed ] in the French nobility. In , he took up a lavish residence across from where the Bastille once stood. He spent under a week in prison during August for criticising the government, and was released only three days before a massacre took place in the prison where he had been detained.
Nevertheless, he pledged his services to the new republic. He attempted to purchase 60, rifles for the French Revolutionary army from Holland, but was unable to complete the deal. He returned to Paris in , where he lived out the remainder of his life in relative peace.
Le barbier de Séville de Beaumarchais : bac de français
Sie ist seit sieben Monaten mit Bartholo verheiratet, aber immer noch Jungfrau. Ohne je mit ihr gesprochen zu haben, reiste er ihr nach Sevilla nach. Dort erfuhr er, dass es sich um eine adlige Waise namens Rosine handle, die mit dem alten Arzt Bartholo verheiratet sei. Wegen Verabreichens von Pferde medizin an Menschen bzw. Andalusier kolorierter Stich, — Alle Fenster sind vergittert.
Le Barbier de Séville de Beaumarchais
Le barbier de Séville (Beaumarchais)