These skills are required to maintain relationships and better understanding which are vital in both personal and professional life. Lack of communication skills will certainly affect the future of any student these days as most of the careers and job opportunities have made it a mandatory that employees should be proficient in the English language. When we learn a language especially English there are four skills that needed to be taken care of equally that is Listening Skills, Speaking Skills, Reading Skills and Writing Skills. Listening Skills could be enhanced by focusing on making the students listen to the sounds of that particular language.

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It is not like that we are not able to speak or write, or there is a breakdown of internet or postal services. The failure of communication has occurred because both the parties are not ready to give a reception to the other.

The reason is no reason. This is what we have been teaching to the undergrads and even postgrads in India. We have taught them the process and a lot more. The communication structure has been disturbed among the social groups and even among families.

Moreover, in schools and universities, students tend to feel that their teachers are overwhelming them with a flood of information which they suspect is irrelevant to actual life. It represents life and the one who sees the applicability of the process and its associated features is able to give a wonderful sense of meaning to what he does.

So one meaning of "to communicate" is "to make something common," i. This meaning is appropriate in a wide range of contexts. The above excerpts show that there has been a "gap" in what Communication Can do and what we are allowing it to accomplish. The solution does lie somewhere. Here, it is in the fundamental process as well as the Four Types of Communication Skills. We are born, we start listening. It is followed by imitation of the sounds we have been hearing all this while.

Speaking happens as an attempt to articulate what has been listened to. We can understand that whereas Listening is a Receptive faculty, speaking is an Expressive one. After getting the basic training in Listening followed by Speaking, we are introduced to a Script, which is of a language. Once we are able to recognise and differentiate between them, the crayons come and pencil follows. We are turning literate by drawing the language on a paper. This sequence is visibly a logical order of Learning Communication Skills.

Listening Skills: Listening has been defined as a "thoughtful attention one pays to what is heard". It explains much of what Listening should be. We hear sounds and make out a meaning out of them and curate a response, quick or delayed, but for sure we respond. Listening is the Primary Skill that makes us sensible human.

Speaking Skills: We utter something and it gets a response. If so, it is speaking. This skill makes us look smart amid a pool of people who have been listening things but do not express by their vocal chords.

The Paralanguage features of Pitch, Tone, Intonation, Accent etc play a big role in taking us to a good place in Speaking. Reading Skills: Initially, we could do the following types of reading described by NCERT, Reading Development Cell : Children perfectly identify the letter and they can read the words by connecting the letter.

Of course, NOT! This is possible with practice and practice can happen only when we do it. Reading is a Literacy Skills and it is indeed a wonderful possession for those who can decode a script. The world knows what is documented or recorded. It is not just about handwriting which needs to be neat, it is more about the words we select in usage and the positioning of words, per se, sentence structure.

Grammar plays a very important role here. Let the world know you by the way you have taught yourself these Fantastic Four Skills of Communication. Parveen is an EdTech Evangelist and has been working in the field of Innovation-driven Education for more than a decade. EklavyaParv is the celebration of his belief in the Learning Spirit of Mankind!


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The four major skills of language learning, listening, speaking, reading and writing provide the right key to success. Teaching of English language while ensuring focus on all these four skills provides a platform for the learners to hone their proficiency in this language well. An ideal programme for teaching-learning of English as a second language would involve content for all the above mentioned four skills. Yet, it is observed that somehow the reading and writing skills are given more importance over the other two skills. Ideally, listening and speaking should take prominence over reading and writing when any language is being learnt. The benefits of naturally acquiring language can be enhanced phenomenally when the opportunity to listen to and speak in the target language is accelerated.


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L-S-R-W is the four skills of language learning, a set of four capabilities that allow an individual to comprehend and produce spoken language for proper and effective interpersonal communication. These skills are Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. In the context of first-language acquisition, the four skills are most often acquired in the order of listening first, then speaking, then possibly reading and writing. Why LSRW is necessary for students?






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