Start your review of Sailing Fundamentals Write a review Jan 21, Gordon Francisco rated it it was amazing A gift from my favorite uncle, Uncle Jack, who introduced me to sailing when I was a late teen and shared with me his love of the sea, sailing, sky and all things nautical. I love you Uncle Jack and miss you each time we push off from the dock and start anew another sail, just wish you could be aboard. I would recommend that anyone who is interested in learning to sail read this book. Sep 26, Ryan rated it liked it I recently started taking sailing lessons. The husband of a friend is retiring and considering using his passion for sailing and teaching to build a side gig offering sailing lessons.
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Selfpropelled vessels, including kayaks, rowboats, rafts, and canoes, are designed to be propelled by people using paddles, oars, or poles. Power-driven vessels powerboats typically use gasoline or diesel motors for propulsion. Powerboat -- a recreational boat typically powered by a gasoline or diesel engine.
Powerboats may be subdivided into several types, including utility boats prams, skiffs, dinghies, inflatables, and utility outboards , runabouts bowriders, open fishermen, center consoles , cruisers trawlers, houseboats, larger sportfishing vessels , pontoon boats, and personal watercraft PWC. Each type has certain uses, characteristics, and limitations. Utility boats, for example, are used as tenders for larger craft and as platforms for fishing and hunting in protected waters.
Because utility boats are generally small with limited stability, boaters should enter them carefully to avoid overloading. Caution should also be exercised when moving within these boats to avoid tipping them over. Runabouts are generally fast, maneuverable craft, used for fishing, hunting, cruising, and waterskiing. Cruisers are generally larger, more seaworthy except for houseboats craft, equipped with berths sleeping areas , a head marine toilet , galley marine kitchen , and other facilities necessary for living aboard.
Powerboats are subject to particular navigation rules and have specific responsibilities under those rules. Personal Watercraft -- also called "water scooters" as well as a variety of trade names. They are highly maneuverable, fast, fun-to-operate, low-cost, power-driven jet drive craft capable of operation in very shallow water.
Many PWC are designed for one person, but larger models are available for use by two or three people. PWC are not toys and are governed by navigation rules applicable to power-driven vessels. In addition, most states and many localities have established specific laws that regulate PWC activities, such as prohibition of night operations, speed limitations, prohibitions of specific activities e.
These popular craft have unique operating capabilities e. For example, PWC are steered by altering via handlebars the direction of the jet drive, and if power is not applied, steering is lost the so-called off-throttle steering problem. Operators who are unfamiliar with this design feature may have difficulty controlling the vessel. PWC are designed for operation in relatively calm waters, have limited fuel capacity, and are not highly stable or maneuverable at slow speeds.
PWC operators often focus their attention on nearby waves or wakes, which can impair their ability to maintain a proper lookout. Operators of other vessels should exercise caution when operating in the vicinity of PWC to minimize the likelihood of collision.
The ability to swim and knowing how to reboard a PWC from the water are also essential. Many PWC are equipped with engine kill switches rigged to shut the engine off if the riders are thrown from the craft.
Fuel management is very important for PWC. Not all PWC are equipped with fuel gauges. Weight and balance are important for PWC operators. Finally, it is important that operators of PWC as well as other craft display environmental sensitivity. Operations in shallow water areas may disturb a fragile ecosystem and its inhabitants. Sailing Vessel -- as noted above, this is a wind-powered vessel that uses only sails for power.
Many sailboats are also equipped with gas or diesel motors for use either as primary or supplemental power when winds are light or from the wrong direction, for docking or other precise maneuvering, and for operation in waters e. A sailboat is a power-driven vessel, as defined in the navigation rules, when the motor is in operation, and must observe regulations applicable to this type of vessel.
When powered solely by sail, a sailboat is termed a sailing vessel and is subject to other specific regulations and because of its limited maneuverability enjoys certain privileges under the navigation rules. Various types of sailboat are discussed later in this text. Sailboard -- a modified surfboard with a mast attached that holds a sail and is capable of swiveling. They are one-person craft, so the "skipper" operates the sail, steers, and acts as lookout. Visibility on these highspeed craft may be limited when the operator is positioned behind the sail.
Skippers of other craft should understand this limitation and exercise caution when operating in the vicinity of sailboards. HULL The hull is the basic boat minus the rigging. The hull comprises the bottom, topsides, buoyancy tanks, and deck. One way to classify boats is based on hull design. Displacement-hull boats move through the water and push it aside or displace it. Planing-hull vessels move faster and, after gaining speed, ride more nearly on top of the water.
All boats at rest or moving slowly are displacement boats. Each displaces a volume of water equal in weight to its own weight when operating in displacement mode. A displacement-hull vessel always displaces a volume of water equal to its own weight, regardless of its speed.
At slow speeds, it is easy for a displacement-hull boat to push the water aside, forming a bow wave. As speed increases, the bow wave becomes higher and the boat tries to climb it. But the boat is not designed to do this so there is a practical limit to its speed. Displacement vessels with longer waterlines have the capability of attaining higher speeds as long as they have adequate power.
Most sailboats except sailboards and certain other light-weight boats such as racing dinghies , tugs, freighters, and true trawlers are displacement-hull vessels. The theoretical upper limit the hull speed of a displacement hull can be calculated with relative precision. Hull speed in knots nautical miles per hour is approximately 1. Thus, a displacement-hull vessel with a waterline length of 36 feet has a maximum speed of approximately 8 knots 9. Despite their slow speed, displacement-hull vessels have many advantages and special uses.
They are steady and comfortable and can handle rougher water than their planing hull cousins see below. Engine-powered displacement-hull vessels are typically highly fuel efficient. Above hull-speed a planing-hull vessel rides on its bow wave or "on-plane. Generally, flatter hull bottoms allow boats to plane more easily.
Runabouts, speedboats, sportfishing boats, and PWC are examples of planing-hull vessels. Powerdriven planing-hull vessels are generally less fuel efficient than displacement-hull vessels of comparable size and weight. As the name implies, a semidisplacement hull has both displacement and planing characteristics. Up to a certain power and speed, a semidisplacement hull behaves as a displacement hull.
Beyond that point, the hull can rise to a partial plane. Increasing the power of a semidisplacement hull vessel increases its speed. It never gets fully "on top," however, and is not as fast as a vessel with a true planing hull.
Most trawlers and many cruisers fit into this category. Multihull vessels include sailing catamarans two hulls and trimarans three hulls. Although technically a displacement-hull vessel, a multihull is able to escape the restriction of hull speed because the narrow hulls create very little wave resistance and because this type of vessel typically carries a great deal of sail. These boats may be difficult to maneuver at docking speeds because they lack the momentum that heavier, ballasted boats use to maintain forward motion.
There is no single, all-purpose, perfect hull design. Boat builders strive to find a happy compromise among conflicting design objectives.